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Can Your Phone Be Your Therapist? Young People’s Ethical Perspectives on the Use of Fully Automated Conversational Agents (Chatbots) in Mental Health Support


Publication/Creation Date
March 5 2019
Creators/Contributors
Kira Kretzschmar (creator)
Holly Tyroll (creator)
Gabriela Pavarini (creator)
Arianna Manzini (creator)
Ilina Singh (creator)
University Of Oxford (creator)
Media Type
Journal Article
Persuasive Intent
Academic
Description
Abstract:

Over the last decade, there has been an explosion of digital interventions that aim to either supplement or replace face-to-face mental health services. More recently, a number of automated conversational agents have also been made available, which respond to users in ways that mirror a real-life interaction. What are the social and ethical concerns that arise from these advances? In this article, we discuss, from a young person’s perspective, the strengths and limitations of using chatbots in mental health support. We also outline what we consider to be minimum ethical standards for these platforms, including issues surrounding privacy and confidentiality, efficacy, and safety, and review three existing platforms (Woebot, Joy, and Wysa) according to our proposed framework. It is our hope that this article will stimulate ethical debate among app developers, practitioners, young people, and other stakeholders, and inspire ethically responsible practice in digital mental health.
HCI Platform
Carryables
Location on Body
Hand
Marketing Keywords
Wysa, Woebot, Facebook, Facebook Messenger
Source
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1178222619829083

Date archived
September 3 2020
Last edited
September 8 2020
How to cite this entry
Kira Kretzschmar, Holly Tyroll, Gabriela Pavarini, Arianna Manzini, Ilina Singh, University Of Oxford. (March 5 2019). "Can Your Phone Be Your Therapist? Young People’s Ethical Perspectives on the Use of Fully Automated Conversational Agents (Chatbots) in Mental Health Support". Biomedical Informatics Insights. Sage Journals. Fabric of Digital Life. https://fabricofdigitallife.com/index.php/Detail/objects/4780