How NASA's Opportunity and Spirit Rovers Changed Mars Exploration Forever

Publication Title
Publication/Creation Date
February 13 2019
Mike Wall (creator)
The National Aeronautics And Space Administration (NASA) (contributor)
Steve Squyres (contributor)
Cornell University (contributor)
Persuasive Intent
NASA's record-breaking Opportunity rover may be gone, but its legacy is assured.

NASA declared Opportunity dead today (Feb. 13), officially closing the books on the golf-cart-size robot's epic 15-year Red Planet run. And run is an apt term, for Opportunity and its twin, Spirit, were the first truly mobile Mars explorers. 

Before the solar-powered duo touched down in January 2004, humanity had successfully dropped just four spacecraft on the Martian surface: the Soviet Union's stationary Mars 3 lander in 1971 (which ceased functioning just seconds after touchdown), NASA's similarly sessile Viking 1 and Viking 2 landers in 1976, and the U.S. space agency's Pathfinder mission in 1997. 
HCI Platform
Location on Body
Entire Body

Date archived
February 15 2019
Last edited
February 15 2019
How to cite this entry
Mike Wall. (February 13 2019). "How NASA's Opportunity and Spirit Rovers Changed Mars Exploration Forever". Space. Future Publishing Limited. Fabric of Digital Life.