"COVID–19 has placed modern work in crisis. More than anything, the crisis has pointed to the unnatural nature of modern work. In contemporary late modern society work is one of those unifying forces that binds us together. But even more importantly, work has become the means through which human survival and reproduction now appears to be hinged. Work as individual self-worth has been pro!ered as the most fundamental way to contribute to the collective well-being of a modern society."